Like most of Papua New Guinea, the Waikaisor hamlet in the Girawa speaking part of the Begasin Hills, Madang Province, has never been electrified. On a map the area lies just 45 miles south-west of the coastal town of Madang where the state owned power company, PNG Power, distributes electricity through the Ramu regional power grid. The relative proximity of this urban energy infrastructure has had the unintended effect of making the Begasin hills an ‘out of the way place’, a place defined by its lack of and distance from electricity; a place that appears geographically far off and remote, and temporally behind the country’s urban centres. But Begasin, like other apparently out of the way places in PNG, is also a place with a dynamic history of individual and community connections to national and transnational institutions that have shaped people’s engagements here with fossil fuel and renewable energy technologies, including kerosene lamps, diesel and petrol powered generators, wet cell and dry cell batteries and solar photovoltaic cells. 

Houses

Gardens